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New! BATD and AATD
Information Regarding New Approvals

 

On Wednesday, December 3, 2014, the FAA issued a direct to final rule that relieves burdens on pilots seeking to obtain aeronautical experience, training, and certification by increasing the allowed use of aviation training devices (ATDs) for instrument training. The rule will increase the allowances under 14 CFR section 61.65(i) to 20 hours for credit in an ATD and allows flight schools operating under part 141 Appendix C to have a 40 percent training credit in an ATD for the instrument rating. Previous allowances for ATD use were capped at 10 hours under part 61 and 10 percent under 141. Due to the sophistication and visual configuration capabilities of ATDs, the rule also removes the requirement to use a view-limiting device. The comment period for the direct final rule will close Friday, January 2, 2015. The rule will become effective Tuesday, January 20, 2015, if no adverse comments are received. 





APPENDIX 2. BASIC AVIATION TRAINING DEVICE (BATD) REQUIREMENTS
1. PURPOSE. This appendix describes the process the FAA uses to approve a BATD for flight training IAW the requirements of 14 CFR parts 61 and 141.
2. AUTHORIZED USE.
a. Instruction by an Authorized Instructor. Flight simulation devices meeting acceptable FAA standards are very beneficial when used under the supervision of an authorized instructor. Pilots can use the devices to learn procedural tasks such as holding pattern entries, instrument approach procedures, missed approach procedures, and some operational performance tasks. An authorized instructor must administer and properly endorse the training to satisfy the regulatory requirements.
b. Authorized Use of a BATD to Credit Flight Experience as a Means to Obtaining Flight Experience in a Flight Simulator, FTD, or Aircraft. This appendix provides for a specific element of training time in a BATD meeting FAA standards instead of the total flight-hours that pilots would otherwise complete in a qualified flight simulator, FTD, or aircraft to meet the requirements of parts 61 or 141. The FAA will approve a BATD meeting the criteria found in this appendix for:
• Not more than 10 hours toward instrument rating flight instruction time under part 61, § 61.65(e)(2);
• Not more than 10 hours toward instrument rating flight instruction time under part 141, appendix C;
• Use in performing instrument recency of experience requirements of § 61.57(c)(1);
• Not more than 2.5 hours of training permitted under § 61.109(k)(1) in the introduction to the operation of flight instruments, except as limited by part 141 appendices; and

• The flight experience allowance for the use of a BATD and the flight experience allowance for an AATD, an FTD or a flight simulator towards obtaining an instrument rating may be combined. However, that combination may not exceed that allowed under § 61.65 (20 hours maximum) and may not exceed that allowed under part 141, appendix C, paragraph 4(b)(4) (50 percent maximum) of the required training.
NOTE: A part 141 certificated pilot school must obtain a specific authorization for the use of the ATD as part of that pilot school’s approved training curriculum. This authorization must come from the FAA FSDO assigned to that pilot school.


APPENDIX 3. ADVANCED AVIATION TRAINING DEVICE (AATD) REQUIREMENTS
1. PURPOSE. This appendix describes how the FAA will evaluate AATDs for approval and specific authorized use. A BATD incorporating additional specific advanced design simulation criteria will be evaluated for approval as an AATD on the basis of meeting or exceeding the minimum criteria outlined in this appendix.
2. AUTHORIZED USE. Except for specific aircraft type training and testing, an AATD may be approved and authorized for use in accomplishing certain required tasks, maneuvers, or procedures as applicable under 14 CFR parts 61 and 141 as follows:
• Logging instrument flight experience,
• Instrument rating (maximum 20 hours),
• Instrument rating practical test (per FAA-S-8081-4 (circling-to-land not authorized)),
• Instrument proficiency check (per FAA-S-8081-4 (circling-to-land not authorized)),
• Private pilot certificate (maximum 2.5 hours),
• Commercial pilot certificate (maximum 50 hours),
• Commercial pilot practical test (per FAA-S-8081-12),
• Airline transport pilot certificate (maximum 25 hours),
• Airline transport pilot practical test (per FAA-S-8081-5),and
• Part 141 as limited by the applicable appendices, or under a special curriculum approved under part 141, § 141.57.

NOTE: The flight experience allowance for the use of a AATD and the flight experience allowance for a FTD or a flight simulator towards obtaining an instrument rating may be combined. However, that combination may not exceed that allowed under § 61.65 (20 hours maximum) and may not exceed that allowed under part 141, appendix C, paragraph 4(b)(4) (50 percent maximum) of the required training.
NOTE: A part 141 certificated pilot school must obtain a specific authorization for the use of the ATD as part of that pilot school’s approved training curriculum. This authorization must come from the FAA FSDO assigned to that pilot school.
3. AATD DESIGN CRITERIA. Devices presented for approval as AATDs must first meet and appropriately exceed the requirements for BATD approval criteria contained in Appendix 2. Additionally, an AATD should display sufficient aircraft cockpit design, ergonomic features, and performance characteristics beyond BATD approval criteria to warrant the authorized use the FAA determines to be appropriate for AATD simulation devices. Since it is highly desirable for the pilot to mentally immerse him/herself in a realistic aircraft cockpit when using an AATD, design features significantly exceeding those of a BATD cockpit layout are critically important.



Level 1 FTD's (Flight Training Devices) can be FAA approved Part 61 and Part 141

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